√ bhū, “be”
I. bhávati etc. V.+,-te etc. B.+
bhūyate etc. E.+,-ti U
Simple Future: bhaviṣyáti etc. V.+,-te etc. E.+ (abhaviṣyat etc. U.+, bhaviṣyadhvam E.)
Periphrastic Future: bhavitā́ B.U.E
√-Ao: ábhūt -ūvan etc. V.+ (bhūyā́sam -sma etc. V.+,-tāma V.B.U.; bodhí V.B., bhū́tu etc. V.); abhāvi C
Th Ao ? ábhuvat etc. V. (bhúvat etc. V.B., bhuvāni RV.)
RAo: abūbhuvas AV. abībhavat
-iṣ-Ao: bhaviṣāt ? AB. abhaviṣṭa, bhaviṣīṣṭa
babhū́va etc. V.+ (babhū́tha -ū́vitha V.B.; babhūyās -yā́t babhūtu RV.)
bhāvayati etc. AV.+,-te C. (bhāvitum R.; bhāvyate etc. E.+, bibhāvayiṣati B.)
búbhūṣati etc. V.+,-te etc. E.+
bobhavīti etc. V.+
bhávati 1 v (bhávate), PPP bhūtá (q.v.) become, be (N or Adv in ī or ū), rise, appear, happen, occur; exist, live (w. na cease to be, perish, die), stay, abide; be possible or suitable; befall, fall to the lot of, belong to (G, r. D or L); serve for, tend or conduce to (D of th.), devote one's self to, be occupied with (L); get something i.e. thrive, prosper, be lucky (idám); turn out well, succeed. bhavet may be, granted; bhavatu good, possible, enough of this. Caus. bhāvayati, te, PPP bhāvita (q.v.) bring into existence or being, produce, effect, cause; cherish, further, refresh, comfort; practise, exercise; get possessed of, obtain; show, manifest, call to mind, imagine, consider, know, take for (2A); convince, convict, state, establish; mingle, mix, saturate, steep. Des búbhūṣati (te) wish to become or be, to rise or thrive, endeavour at (A); like, prefer, honour, esteem. Int bobhavīti be repeatedly, use to be.
ati be or become in a high degree; excel, overcome (A).
anu be after, come up with, attain, equal; embrace, comprehend, include; help, serve, further; enjoy, feel, experience, suffer; perceive, hear, learn. samanu enjoy, experience.
antar be within, penetrate.
apa be absent or wanting.
abhi be against, surpass, overcome, oppress, harass, humiliate; turn to, approach or present with (I).
ā be present or at hand; exist, live on; come forth, spring from (Ab). anvā follow, imitate. abhyā occur, happen.
ud come forth, arise, grow, increase, be sufficient or equal. Caus. bring forth, produce, develop, display. samud spring forth, arise, increase.
upa approach, assist. tiras be absent or lost, disappear, vanish. Caus. cause to disappear, dispel.
nis be off, move on.
parā perish, be lost, succumb, yield; overcome, conquer, harm, hurt, injure. Caus. overthrow, destroy.
pari surround, encompass, comprehend, include; attend, manage, take care of (A); surpass, overcome, vanquish; hurt, injure, despise, disgrace; mock, scoff.
pra come forth, spring up, arise, appear, happen, occur, spread, expand, increase, grow; be numerous or strong, prevail, rule over, dispose of (G, L, or D); be equal to or a match for (D), be able to or capable of (Inf); be of use, profit, avail (D). Caus. augment, increase, strengthen, nourish, further.
prati equal (A). Caus. observe, learn, know. bi expand, develop, arise, appear; suffice for, be equal to, attain, pervade, fill (D or A), be able to (Inf). Caus. cause to expand or develop, open, show, manifest; separate, divide; discern, discover, perceive, know, recognize or acknowledge as, take for (2A), deliberate, ponder, fancy, imagine, suppose, establish, prove, convict, convince. P. be considered as, pass for, appear, seem (N).
sam come or be together, assemble, meet, be united with (I saha or L), have sexual intercourse with (I saha or sārdham & A); be held or contained in (L); originate, be produced or engendered, be born, spring from (Ab), happen, occur, exist, become, be, fall to a person's (L or G) share or lot, be possible, be able to or capable of (Inf). Caus. bring together, produce, accomplish, make that-(PPP); go to meet, betake one's self to, salute, honour, gratify or present with (I); combine, think, judge (anyathā falsely); imagine, suppose, give a person (L) credit for (A), consider as, take for (2A) P. be possible. abhisam attain, get possessed of, participate in (A).
Cf. antarbhūta, ūdbhūta, prábhūta, samudbhūta, saṃbhūta, saṃbhūya.
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr