√ nī, “lead”
I. náyati -te etc. V.+
II. néṣi V.S., nethá RV., ánītām RV
III ? ninīthás ninīyāt RV., ninetu MS
nīyáte etc. V.+
Simple Future: neṣyati etc. AV.+,-te etc. B.+ (aneṣyathās M.); nayiṣyati etc. JB.E.+ (anayiṣyat JB.), -te etc. R
Periphrastic Future: netā E., nayitā E
-s-Ao: anaiṣīt etc. V.+ (nais anait B.S.; neṣati etc. RV., néṣat V.B., neṣa AV.), aneṣṭa etc. V.B
-iṣ-Ao: anayīt AV., anayīṣṭa (2p.) S. anāyiṣata (Ps) C
ninā́ya ninyus etc. V.+ (ninétha RV., nīnima TS.), ninye B.+-nayām āsa M.,-nayāṃ cakre R
nāyayati etc. E.+,-te R
nínīṣati etc. V.+,-te etc. U.S.+
nenīyáte etc. V.+
náyati náyate v PPP nītá 1 lead, guide, conduct, direct (l. & f.); carry away, remove; draw near, attract; bring to or into (A, esp. of an abstrans., prati, D, or L); Ā (P) lead home, i.e. marry (a wife); pass or spend (time); make out, ascertain, settle. – With ágram take the lead, head (G); w. daṇḍam bear the rod, i.e. inflict punishment; w. an Adv in sāt reduce to or change into, e.g. bhasmasāt; w. śūdratām make a person (A) a Śūdra; samatām make equal; w. duḥkham make unhappy. pain; w. pritoṣam gratify; w. kṣayam destroy (cf. ī & gam). Caus. nāyayati cause a pers. or th. to be led or carried away by (I) to (A). Des nínīṣati, te be willing to lead etc., to carry off, to bring into (A); to find out or ascertain. I. nenīyáte lead away as a captive, have power of (A). – accha lead near or towards (A).
ati lead over or beyond (A); I. bring forward.
anu bring near or towards (A); try to win, conciliate; ask, request. pratyanu conciliate, deprecate, ask pardon for (A).
apa lead or take away, put off, remove. vyapa the same.
abhi lead near or towards (A); fetch, procure; represent, act, perform (d.).
ava lead down, push or put into (A or L); pour down, off, or over. abhyava lead down or pour into (A). vyava pour out singly. samava lead or pour together, mix, unite.
ā lead or bring near, fetch, cause; lead or bring towards or into (A, w. kśam subject, subdue), lead or bring back (punar); pour in, mix; offer, sacrifice. udā lead up or out (esp. out of the water). upā lead or bring near, draw towards (A); get or cause to (G of pers. & A of th.); lead away, carry off. paryā lead round or near. pratyā lead or bring back, recover; pour to, fill up by pouring in. samā conduct together, gather, collect; lay together (the hands); conduct towards, unite with (I saha); pour together, mix; lead or bring near; carry away, lead home; offer, sacrifice.
ud lead upwards, bring up, erect; lead out, deliver, rescue; draw out (water), fill up by drawing; lead off (vadhāṃya to death); find out, investigate, infer. samud lift up, raise (lit. & fig.), investigate, ascertain; pay off (a debt).
upa lead near, bring to, present, offer, communicate; carry off, lead away, take to one's self, receive (esp. as a pupil); bring or put into a state or condition, ātmānam betake or expose one's self to (A or L*); bring about, cause, produce. Caus. cause a person (A) to be received as a pupil. samupa draw near, admit, lead to (A), present, offer; lead away, take to one's self; bring about, cause.
ni lead to (D or L), cause to (D Inf); bend, incline; pour out or in; offer, sacrifice; perform, accomplish.
nis lead or take away; find out, settle, decide.
parā lead away or back.
pari lead or carry round, esp. lead a bride round the fire, i.e. marry; lead away, carry off, lead near, bring to (A); find out, explore. Caus. pariṇayayati & pariṇāyayati marry a man (A) with a woman (A).
pra bring forwards, lead further, promote; convey (r.); conduct or take to (Ā to one's self), present, offer; bring or reduce to (a state); employ, inflict (punishment); state, decide, teach, compose, promulgate; perform, accomplish; show, betray (esp. one's feelings), love, desire. saṃpra bring together, collect, raise (taxes); employ, inflict (punishment); compose, promulgate.
prati lead back or towards, put together, mix.
vi lead or drive away, remove; spend, pass (time); mix, stir up (Soma etc.); part (the hair); spread, extend; train, discipline, teach, instruct; cause or induce to (D Inf); perform, accomplish.
sam lead together, gather, collect, unite; mix together, stir up (r.); bring near, fetch, get, procure; present with (I); give back, restore, return.
Cf. apanīta, abhinīta, abhivinīta, nirṇīta, pariṇīta, práṇīta, vinīta.
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr